Martin Chevallier

Martin Chevallier

EHESS

After achieving a master degree of philosophy at Paris Sorbonne University and another of history of science and technologies at Centre Alexandre Koyré (EHESS), Martin Chevallier began a thesis of sociology with a PhD contract (2018-2021) at Centre d’études des mouvements sociaux (CEMS-EHESS), under the supervision of Claude Rosental. Leaning on a socio-history of «personal robots» projects for the assistance of elderlies and disabled persons from the mid-70’s, he studies the implication of the innovators and other «experts’» of social robotics in the management of psychosocial risks associated with social robots, their role in the definition of politics of innovation at national and european level, and the multiplication of full-scale tests and experimentations with dependant users, in living labs or shops, which were subject to a multi-located ethnography in a Parisian luxury shop and an elderly care home near Paris. Through participant observation, he took part to two successive projects, the (eventually aborted) adoption of Medipep, a medical assistant humanoid robot, and the testing of a seal robot, Paro.

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